Guiding the speech and language development of your deaf or hard of hearing child is not a do-it-yourself project. In the early years, at a minimum, professional assessment and guidance are essential.
That said, most of the work is going to be done at home, by you and your child, and there are resources and tools to help make that job easier.
Regardless of the communication method you've chosen, the most important thing is to provide a language-rich environment. In the next few months, I will be adding articles on using computer software, LeapPads, karaoke, cd players, and movies to enrich your child's language environment.
Childhood Speech, Language & Listening Problems
by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi.
ISBN: 0471387533, Published by John Wiley & Sons, 218 pages.
Does your child have trouble speaking or listening?
This fully revised and updated edition of the essential guide explains what you can do to help.
Have you noticed that your child has difficulty getting the right words out, following directions, or being understood? If so, speech-language pathologist Patricia Hamaguchi –who has been helping children overcome problems like these for more than twenty years–has now revised and updated her highly effective guide to help you determine what’s best for your child. Find out all you need to know about:
Facilitating Hearing and Listening in Young Children
by Carol Flexer.
ISBN: 1565939891, Published by Singular Publishing Group, 310 pages.
This thoroughly revised edition of a popular classic emphasizes the need to create an "auditory world" for children in which their auditory brain centers continue to develop the neurological and experiential foundations for literacy and learning. A wealth of new, up-to-date information has been added, covering recent developments in amplification technology, cochlear implants, federal legislation, and listening strategies.
Language and Literacy Development in Children Who Are Deaf
by Barbara R. Schirmer.
ISBN: 0205314937, Published by Allyn & Bacon, 278 pages.
The second edition of Language and Literacy Development in Children Who are Deaf provides the most current information about teaching language, reading, and writing to deaf children. Models and strategies are clearly described and supported by theory, current research, and numerous examples of how these models and strategies can be used in classrooms with deaf students. The book has been reorganized so teachers can easily follow how to assess a deaf child's current abilities in language and literacy, develop appropriate instructional goals, and choose from among a variety of effective teaching models and strategies. The second edition discusses issues related to American Sign Language, bilingual education techniques, incorporating technology into instruction, and developing balanced literacy programs for deaf children. Experienced teachers, novice teachers, and individuals becoming teachers of deaf children can use this information to develop a comprehensive language and literacy program for deaf students from preschool through high school. For anyone who teaches reading or language to deaf children, or who is involved in literacy development of deaf children.
Teaching Speech to Hearing-Impaired Infants and Children: Zero to Three Years
by Dene Stovall.
ISBN: 0398046808, Published Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd, 91 pages.
From the Cover
The author presents developmentally appropriate techniques usable in both total communication and auditory-oral programs. She describes auditory stimulation and phonemic speech activities that provide a phonetic approach to speech development. The main part of the text is organized into chapters on age groups spanning three to six months, from birth to three years. In addition to activities and sample lessons geared to that specific age group, each chapter covers basic developmental levels, speech development of normally hearing children, and strategies for maintaining the child's interest.
The New Language of Toys: Teaching Communication Skills to Children With Special Needs: A Guide for Parents and Teachers
by Joan E. Heller Miller, Sue Schwartz.
ISBN: 0933149735, Published by Woodbine House, 289 pages.
From the Back Cover
Now updated and expanded, The New Language of Toys is a fresh hands-on approach to using everyday toys -- both store-bought and homemade -- to stimulate language development in children with special needs from birth through age six.
Speech and language teaching tools: flash cards, cd-rom. Designed for children with a variety of learning and physical disabilities.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Professional organization for audiologists and SLPs. Many articles and resources for parents.
Speech therapy activities.
Caroline Bowen PhD, Speech-Language Pathologist
"This site comprises some 218 web pages for families, Speech - Language Pathologists, professionals in related disciplines, and students of human communication disorders and sciences."
Activity suggestions for children with communication disorders.
Classroom Techniques for Students with Language-Learning Disorders
Techniques for teachers to use in the classroom. Many will be useful to homeschooling parents.
Disorders of Articulation
Several guidelines: ages at which sounds are articulated, types of articulation errors, and evaluation steps.
"Free interactive lessons, exercises and worksheets, educational games, open-ended questions in Math and Language Arts, and more." There are several useful tools at this site, including an end-sounds phonics drill.
Family-Managed Home-Based Therapy Programs
"For some individuals, home-based, family initiated therapy programs can be as effective as weekly sessions with a therapist." Commercial service provided by a California-based SLP.
Guidelines for the Classroom Teacher Serving the Hearing-Impaired Child PDF
An article with several practical tips for teaching children with hearing loss. (The owner of this site will not permit me to directly link to the article. Unfortunately, you will have to scroll through the list on this page and figure out which one it is.)
Home Activity Ideas
Included are ideas and activities that will encourage development of speech/language skills at home.
Home-based Computer Speech Therapy
Software for home-based speech therapy.
Ideas For Classroom/Parent Interventions For Articulation Errors Or Unclear Speech PDF
Specific techniques and strategies to use in correcting articulation errors. (The owner of this site will not permit me to directly link to the article. Unfortunately, you will have to scroll through the list on this page and figure out which one it is.)
Laureate Special Needs Software
"Founded in 1982 by two speech-language pathologists, Laureate Learning Systems publishes computer software for children and adults with disabilities."
Language Vision: Speech Training Software
"This powerful software provides real-time visualization of speech sounds (spectrograms and much more) for biofeedback-like speech training."
"For over 20 years we’ve provided quality materials for speech-language pathologists, learning disabilities teachers, special educators, and others who work with students and adults with special needs."
Extensive article defining lisp, discussing the different types of lisp, and outlining therapy approach.
Net Connections for Communication Disorders and Sciences
An internet guide to information related to communication disorders.
On-line Therapy Tools
Each link is reviewed and annotated with functional goal and target ideas for speech/language therapy (i.e. how to use it with your child).
"PRO-ED, Inc. is a leading publisher of nationally standardized tests, resource and reference texts, curricular and therapy materials, and professional journals covering: Speech, Language, and Hearing Psychology and Counseling; Special Education (including Developmental Disabilities, Rehabilitation, and Gifted Education); Early Childhood Intervention; Occupational and Physical Therapy.
On-line Java games for work on articulation practice and other speech therapy goals.
Simple stories to read aloud to practice the target sound. I found the highlight feature to be worthless. It highlights the letter, not the sound. The stories for /s/ highlight each instance of the letter s. This means that many /z/ (as in runs) sounds are highlighted and many /s/ sounds (as in once) are missed.
You can also submit your own stories to be included on the site.
"Thousands of homeschooling families are using these manuals in place of going to weekly therapy. Incorporate speech or language therapy into 5 minute segments through out the day making speech therapy an everyday part of life. It's not rocket science. Here is the information you need to become your child's speech and language therapist."
Super Duper Publications
"We publish colorful, high quality materials for speech-language pathologists, special educators, teachers, parents, and caregivers in educational, home and health care settings."
Several dozens suggestions and tips from speech therapists. Many would be appropriate only in a school or clinic setting, but quite a few can easily be used at home.
"Thinking Publications is your #1 source for communication-building books, educational software and games, and speech-language assessment materials—all specifically designed for children, adolescents, and adults with communication disorders and other special learning needs."
Visual Voice Tools
"Visual Voice Tools™ is a collection of seven "tools" that help students and clients develop fine control of their voices. Beginning with simple sound awareness, these tools progress students through multiple aspects of voice. Each tool accepts vocal input and provides visual feedback in the form of an animated graphic and is designed to allow students to clearly establish the relationship between the graphic and vocal dimensions. Students learn and practice fine control of pitch, loudness, voicing, and breath control for phonation."
You Can Do It! Home Based Speech and Language Therapy
Article on managing your child's speech therapy at home, in consultation with an SLP.
American Sign Language
Reasons to learn ASL and helpful resources: books, software, videos, web sites.
Home-based Speech Therapy
My home-based speech therapy plan for my daughter.
Speech is so familiar a feature of daily life that we rarely pause to define it. It seems as natural to man as walking, and only less so than breathing. Yet it needs but a moment’s reflection to convince us that this naturalness of speech is but an illusory feeling. - Edward Sapir
©2000-2013 Barbara L.M. Handley